deontological versus Teleological ethical philosophies
Is torture effective, yes. Soltzinitzen example
After the KGB had confiscated Solzhenitsyn’s materials in Moscow, during 1965-1967, the preparatory drafts of The Gulag Archipelago were turned into finished typescript in hiding at his friends’ homes in Estonia. While in the KGB Lubyanka Prison, Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn had befriended Arnold Susi, a lawyer and former Estonian Minister of Education. After completion, Solzhenitsyn’s original handwritten script was kept hidden from KGB in Estonia by Arnold Susi’s daughter, Heli Susi, until the collapse of the Soviet Union. 
The KGB seized one of only three extant copies of the text still on Soviet soil. This was achieved by torturing dissident Elizaveta Voronyanskaya, Solzhenitsyn’s typist who knew where the typed copy was hidden; within days of her release by the KGB, she hanged herself on 3 August 1973.
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